Strategies to Save Money on Taxes in Retirement
Are you looking for ways to avoid taxes on retirement and Social Security income? There are many retirement tax strategies you should be aware of. You may even be looking for how to avoid taxes on withdrawals from your 401k or other investment accounts.
It’s tempting to look for an IRS loophole to reduce taxable income in retirement. We’re not going to talk about hacks or questionable loopholes, but we will outline some legal and proven methods to reduce your taxes in retirement.
As mentioned, we want to look for all the honest and prudent methods to reduce taxes. The IRS bakes in plenty of ways you can reduce your tax burden in retirement. Unfortunately, the IRS (to be fair, lawmakers in Congress) seem to write tax code to be as confusing and lengthy as possible.
Hopefully we can explain some key strategies for you to use without making you dizzy or reach for the dictionary. We want to pay every cent we’re obligated to – but that’s it. You don’t get special treatment for tipping Uncle Sam.
Roth conversions are arguably the most powerful and common strategy for reducing taxes in retirement. We’ve written plenty about backdoor Roth conversions and even mega Roth conversions. Depending on how your retirement savings are held, a properly executed Roth conversion strategy could make a difference of $1 Million or more!
The basic strategy involves transferring, or “converting,” traditional retirement accounts (401k, 403b, IRA, etc.) into a Roth IRA. The drawback of the transfer is paying taxes at the time of the transfer. In other words, you’ll be “frontloading” your tax payments now so you can have tax-free withdrawals later.
The other reason why Roth conversions can save you on taxes is because a Roth IRA isn’t subject to required minimum distributions (RMDs). Instead of being forced to take money out of your retirement accounts when you might not need the funds, you can let your money grow tax free. This helps you manage what tax brackets you are taxed at and keep you under several other thresholds.
Taking a hard look at your credits and deductions (with your accountant) could show some opportunities. If you don’t itemize deductions, it’s a good idea to look at what deductions you would qualify for and whether it still makes sense to take the standard deduction versus itemized deductions. Another thing to consider is whether you can incur these deductions (expenses) for a couple years’ worth all at once – bunching deductions.
The basic strategy is to “bunch up” expenses in one year, claim the higher amount of itemized deductions, and then take the standard deduction in other years. This can take many forms, but the most common large deductible expenses may be medical expenses and charitable giving.
If you and your spouse can coordinate large out of pocket medical expenses in the same year, this could save you some cash come tax time. Of course, this is only after prioritizing your health first. If you’ve been putting off a knee replacement (because surgery sucks!) and you already had a lot of medical expenses for the year, it might be a win-win to get yourself patched up while also saving on taxes.
For charitable giving, you can do the same thing. If you already give to charity every year, then you can double up every other year and take advantage of bunching those contributions too. You could also do this using a Donor Advised Fund (DAF) and then direct payments over time.
The main thing to remember is any deductible expense you can plan out ahead of time or prepay in some way could be bunched to take full advantage of the deductions provided to you in the tax code. You may find some expenses late in the year could be bunched into the next year with just a small change in timing.
As we mentioned, there are many benefits to charitable giving. If charitable giving is in your plan, then you need to be aware of the tax benefits afforded to you. The IRS gives you a tax deduction for charitable giving because it’s something the government wants people to do.
You shouldn’t feel guilty about getting a tax deduction for charitable giving. Look at it this way, the more tax efficient you are with your giving, the more you can do for charity with your hard-earned money. It’s not about you or the IRS, it’s about getting more dollars benefiting others in need.
Qualified Charitable Deductions
It is important to note, not all charitable giving is considered “qualified” for tax purposes. The IRS has a tool to help you find out if a charity is qualified or not. Most organizations will have all their pertinent information on status as a charity listed on their website.
Limitations on Giving to Charity
You might be thinking you could bunch your charitable giving and be able to wipe out most or all your tax burden for the year – not so fast. There are limitations to how much you can deduct. You can still give all you want, but you may not to be able to deduct it all.
You are typically limited to either 60%, 50%, 30%, or 20% of your adjusted gross income (AGI) for the year. We weren’t kidding about the tax code being complicated. Therefore, working with your accountant or tax preparer (CPA or EA) is a good idea.
Social Security Tax Savings
Saving money on taxes by coordinating with your Social Security withdrawal strategy is often overlooked. You might already be aware of (and be over) the thresholds for when portions of your Social Security are taxed. It might not be as easy to see when your total income from all retirement income sources will push you over those thresholds.
The thresholds for when your Social Security payments are taxed is somewhat low compared to some of the other important thresholds to keep an eye on. For joint filers, income between $32,000 and $44,000, up to 50% of your Social Security benefits are taxed. More than $44,000, up to 85% of your Social Security is taxed.
The calculation for this threshold is a little more involved. It’s calculated by adding your Adjusted Gross Income, Nontaxable Interest (think Government/Municipal bonds), and 50% of your Social Security payments. There are separate limits for single filers.
This makes some of the strategies we’ve been talking about even more important – especially if you’re forced to take RMDs.
Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amounts (IRMAA)
Additional Medicare costs in the form of IRMAA surcharges can be really frustrating. It only takes going over thresholds by a single penny to raise your Medicare premiums for the entire year. This makes paying close attention to your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) for Medicare premiums super important.
While IRMAAs are not technically a tax, they put a burden on your monthly budget the same way taxes do. You’ll see the difference every month as you pay the higher monthly premiums. It’s best to keep “Aunt IRMAA” away if possible.
Don’t Let Tax Savings Control Your Life
Although controlling your tax burden is important, we don’t want you to dwell on it or spend all your free time trying to avoid taxes. They say there are only two things certain in life – death and taxes. However, worrying too much about either one will make life a bit less fun.
NextGen Wealth believes your hopes, dreams, and overall wellbeing are what’s most important. We work with clients like you to manage all the dizzying details, so you don’t have to.
At the end of the day, prudent, long-term planning is superior to one-time "hacks" or sneaky “loopholes” here and there. Making well-informed choices about taxes throughout retirement will help you enjoy the retirement you’ve worked so hard to achieve.